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Nisarga Mumbai cyclone

Cyclone-Nisarga-Mumbai

Mumbai – India’s financial center, Densely populated Indian city, was getting ready to brace its first cyclone in 129 years. Yes, it’s all about cyclone Nisarga.

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Indian Meteorological Department had declared about cyclone Nisarga which was forming into a severe cyclonic storm in the Arabian Ocean. And predictable landfall would be near Mumbai and neighboring Thane, Raigad, Ratnagiri, and Sindhudur.

Let’s have a look upon some interesting facts below which discusses Nisarga and Mumbai’s cyclone history. 

Mumbai cyclones

MUMBAI experienced severe floods in recent years, but none was due to cyclones.

Mentioned below are the list of recorded storms in history so far –>

Great Bombay Cyclone - June 6th, 1882.

  • Approximately 100,000 death cases were reported which was almost 1/8th of the total population of Mumbai at that time. 
  • This was recorded among the dangerous cyclone by many authors. 
  • But there are many contradictions to this fact. Researchers consider this as just a myth and an internet hoax.
  • There are some pieces of evidence that proves no cyclone in the mentioned year. The below image by IMD is one such evidence which shows no such cyclone occurred during the mentioned year.
Bombay-cyclone-1882-IMD

Bombay Cyclone - 9th to 10th October, 1940.

  • This had its landfall in Mumbai Colaba with gusts of 121 km/hr. 
  • Property damage was estimated at approximately to Rs. 25 lakhs with a heavy loss of life.
Bombay-cyclone-1940-image1
Picture courtesy @tamilnaduweatherman

Bombay cyclone - 15th to 23rd November, 1948

  •  This had its landfall in Mumbai Colaba (Gusts 129 km/hr), Alibag (Gusts 160 km/hr), Mumbai Juhu (Gusts 151 km/hr).
  •  “The Cyclone had brought sea into the land”, a Portuguese traveler explained this cyclone using these words.
  • Property damage was estimated to be several lakhs of rupees with 12 death cases reported.

     

Bombay-cyclone-1948-Image1
Bombay-cyclone-1948-Image2

Arabian Sea Tropical Cyclones

Cyclones are rare in the Arabian Sea comparative to the storms formed from the Bay of Bengal. This sea is less prone to storms because the water temperature is less than that of the Bay of Bengal. Most of the strong tropical storms formed on its basin don’t reach high intensity due to the dry air coming from the Arabian Peninsula desert and adverse wind shears.

Maximum number of Arabian sea cyclones moves towards Middle-East countries.

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Cyclone-chapala-2015
Arabian-sea-cyclone-track

But this time it moved towards north-east Maharashtra due to a ‘rise in temperature of the Indian coastal water.’

Due to the adverse climate changes happening around us, there would be  rise in cyclonic storms over the Arabian Sea in the future.

Nisarga meaning and evolution

Cyclone-update-team-flowchart
This flowchart shows the team hierarchy responsible for monitoring and naming the cyclone globally

IMD (Indian Meteorological Department) is a part of RSMC New Delhi and is responsible for tracking and naming tropical cyclones within the North Indian Ocean, including the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal.

These pictures give the list of names adopted by WMO/ESCAP Panel Member Countries in April 2020 for Tropical cyclones over the North Indian Sea.

IMD-cyclone-name-2020-part1
IMD-cyclone-name-2020-part2
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  • This word has its roots from the Sanskrit language (निसर्ग) meaning “Nature” and was suggested by Bangladesh.
  • It is the first cyclone to be named from the April 2020’s new list. (Cyclone Amphan was derived from the previous list as the name remained un
  • Nisarga was the second cyclone to hit the Indian subcontinent within two weeks after cyclone Amphan.

 

Nisarga Footprints - 3rd to 4th June, 2020

At 12:30 PM IST on 3rd June it made its landfall near the town of Alibag, district of Raigad Western Maharashtra. It is a part of the Mumbai Metropolitan region, setting gusts of 120 km/hr and 200mm rain.

In brief, Alibag – 102 km/hr, Harnai – 74 km/hr, Mumbai Colaba – 72 km/hr, Ratnagiri – 59 km/hr.

As per the reports, six death cases have been reported in Maharashtra, including three from Pune.

Initial property loss is estimated approximately to be $50 billion as per Wikipedia.

Anyhow, IMD’s prediction of extremely heavy rainfall was not reported in several areas of Mumbai. And no major impact in Gujarat after landfall in Maharashtra. In accordance with their report, cyclone weakened into depression over Vidarbha by 5:30 AM IST on June 4th.

COVID-19 Challenges during Nisarga

  • During the Covid-19 crisis, a severe cyclonic storm like Nisarga will be a great challenging factor for Maharashtra and Gujarat.
  • For the first time, people will be facing difficulties even through cyclone precautions taken by the government.
  • Maharashtra being the top among Corona affected state in India, has already 20,000 plus positive patients and Gujarat being fourth in the list having around 10,000 positive cases.
  • No need for words, just the pictures below will let you have an idea of social distancing during evacuation.
  • As per the statement given by Kisor Nibalkar, the State Relief Commissioner, around 60,000 people have been evacuated from coastal regions of Maharashtra, and 35 schools were converted into camps.
  • The coast guard reports state that 109 fishermen were moved in 18 boats safely.
  • About 1000 patients in Maharashtra with suspected Covid-19 were evacuated from a field hospital and to other facilities.
  • People evacuated from low-lying areas in Mumbai to safer places are to be screened for Covid-19 symptoms before returning to their homes.

Nisarga-List of 20 NDRF teams deployed by the Government in Maharashtra

  • Mumbai team of 7
  • Raigad team of 7
  • Palghar team of 7
  • Thane team of 1
  • Ratnagiri team of 2
  • Sindhudhurg team of 1


“ ‘Nature Climate Change’, a journal released in the year 2013, has Mumbai listed as the 5th coastal city in the world to be most affected by flooding in the future, measured by economic losses.”

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Nisarga Mumbai cyclone
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Nisarga Mumbai cyclone
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